Search found 2971 matches

by Astraios
Thu May 03, 2018 3:17 am
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Languages without Quantifier Hopping?
Replies: 14
Views: 3868

Re: Languages without Quantifier Hopping?

They do; I included them just to give the focusing a context. In a real-life situation you could easily drop the “and not …” part.
by Astraios
Wed May 02, 2018 2:37 am
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Languages without Quantifier Hopping?
Replies: 14
Views: 3868

Re: Languages without Quantifier Hopping?

Hebrew doesn’t have it, and it’s actually one of the very first things you learn if you go to formal language classes, precisely because English does. Bagehenom noten hasatan limtakhneney-safot lekhaber sfot-ézer. in=DEF-hell ACT.PTCP\give DEF-satan to=ACT.PTCP\plan-MP.CONS language-FP to=INF\author...
by Astraios
Tue Mar 20, 2018 6:09 pm
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: The Great Proto-Indo-European Thread
Replies: 2225
Views: 224341

Re: The Great Proto-Indo-European Thread

Yes, we transcribe them as voiced stops. That doesn't mean that they were voiced stops! The most likely hypothesis would be that they were (voiceless) unaspirated stops, while those transcribed as voiceless stops were aspirated. Such transcriptions are common where no actual voiced stops get in the...
by Astraios
Sat Mar 10, 2018 7:24 am
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Help your fluency in a nifty way
Replies: 4604
Views: 730667

Re: Help your fluency in a nifty way

Non, j’ai eu des problèmes avec le trac aussi. Je suis portière, mais en tant que telle je dois des fois présenter les fleurs aux acteurs et aux réalisteurs à la fin d’une première, ce qui compte comme partie du spectacle mais qui ne vaut pas de répétitions ou d’instructions en avance — tu viens da...
by Astraios
Tue Mar 06, 2018 5:27 pm
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Help your fluency in a nifty way
Replies: 4604
Views: 730667

Re: Help your fluency in a nifty way

La semaine dernière j’ai travaillé au moins dix heures chaque jour et dormi moins de deux heures par nuit, étant sortie chaque soir jusqu’à l’aube avec des amis pour la fête de Pourim (c’est-à-dire, pour trop boire, tous costumés, moi magnifique dans la robe noire d’Audrey Hepburn dans « Diamants s...
by Astraios
Sat Feb 17, 2018 11:32 am
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Obscure question about Greek
Replies: 2
Views: 1507

Re: Obscure question about Greek

The Greek has συκῆν εῖχέν τις πεφυτευμένην, so yes, Greek has have + participle, but retains the possessive meaning as in “someone had a figtree [which was] planted [in their garden]”, rather than the present perfect “someone has planted a figtree” (according to here).
by Astraios
Mon Feb 05, 2018 2:59 am
Forum: Conlangery & Conworlds
Topic: Sound Change Quickie Thread
Replies: 2827
Views: 342469

Re: Sound Change Quickie Thread

Your friend’s blog isn’t evidence, especially when said person claims right there in the blog to be an undergraduate linguistics student who mocks professors of Semitic languages for refusing to see what they have “proven”.
by Astraios
Fri Feb 02, 2018 5:07 pm
Forum: Conlangery & Conworlds
Topic: Sound Change Quickie Thread
Replies: 2827
Views: 342469

Re: Sound Change Quickie Thread

I don’t see how the fact that most modern Semitic languages have non-lateral reflexes of *ś impacts its reconstruction as a lateral at all… Most IE languages don’t have voiced aspirates, but PIE is reconstructed with them (or something very like them). Anyway, you haven’t brought any evidence or sou...
by Astraios
Fri Feb 02, 2018 12:13 am
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Help your fluency in a nifty way
Replies: 4604
Views: 730667

Re: Help your fluency in a nifty way

Astraios, "gk" katika Kiyahudi chako inamaanisha nini? Astraios, what does the "gk" in your Yiddish mean? <gk> is varn /k/, wos men gifinnt in -ig. Ich hob nit gihat holdt es schryben <ik> oder <ick>, wyl es kenn oich syn /g/ in etleche Dialekten, ober <gk> is miës. Efschar soll ich schryben <ig> i...
by Astraios
Wed Jan 31, 2018 1:34 pm
Forum: Conlangery & Conworlds
Topic: Sound Change Quickie Thread
Replies: 2827
Views: 342469

Re: Sound Change Quickie Thread

the idea that Greek "balsam" must necessarily represent a lateral fricative is stupid: it's cognate with Arabic /basam/ "pleasantness", a correspondence which gives Proto-Semitic *š rather that *ś, so it should have therefore been /ʃ/ in Hebrew as well which was just badly transcribed because Greek...
by Astraios
Wed Jan 31, 2018 12:07 pm
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Help your fluency in a nifty way
Replies: 4604
Views: 730667

Re: Help your fluency in a nifty way

Ich bin krank. Hynt is die doïgke Temperatur uif bis siebetzen Celsius (by mir noch kalt) mit helle Himmlen unn a lychten Windt, ober oich eppas semdeldigk unter die Fiess unn in die Lungen, wos, gloub ich, hot mich gimacht oder giholfen machen asou krank in Keel wie in Kopp, as ich bin schoun frie...
by Astraios
Mon Jan 29, 2018 7:09 am
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: The Great Proto-Indo-European Thread
Replies: 2225
Views: 224341

Re: The Great Proto-Indo-European Thread

Howl wrote:But I don't understand how one can link the semantics of 'to boil' (Lit. kūpėti, OCS kypeti, Skt. kupyati) with 'to desire' (Lat. cupiō, Eng to hope).
“I’m boiling (hot)” > “I’m hot for”.
by Astraios
Wed Jan 24, 2018 6:06 am
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Minor Semitic Deities
Replies: 25
Views: 3241

Re: Minor Semitic Deities

I remember reading years ago that an early translation of the Hobbit glossed "Elves" with צַפְרִירִים, from a cognate of English zephyr that was used (in some Talmudic source?) to refer to "spirits of the dawn". I can't find anything on that now and the present term seems to be בני לילית, lit. "son...
by Astraios
Tue Jan 23, 2018 8:37 am
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Latin -ta < Greek της
Replies: 6
Views: 1434

Re: Latin -ta < Greek της

There are multiple -της. There’s the abstract-nominal feminine third-declension -της, -τητος which is from the PIE suffix *-teh₂t-s (and cognate to Latin -tās, -tātis ), and there’s the agentive masculine first-declension -της, -του which is an internal Greek development (later borrowed into Latin a...
by Astraios
Mon Jan 22, 2018 8:46 am
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Latin -ta < Greek της
Replies: 6
Views: 1434

Re: Latin -ta < Greek της

-ης is the (Attic-Ionic) masc. nom. sg. of the Greek first declension, and itself has an older form in -ᾰ (the final sigma being borrowed from the second declension in -ος (Latin -us )). The masc. nom. sg. of the Latin first declension is -a , and there’s a very strong tendency for borrowed nouns to...
by Astraios
Sun Jan 21, 2018 6:13 am
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Help your fluency in a nifty way
Replies: 4604
Views: 730667

Re: Help your fluency in a nifty way

Indiana hoben sai banoment dem Hundt.
They named the dog Indiana.
by Astraios
Sun Jan 21, 2018 6:04 am
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: 16th C Spanish and Nahuatl
Replies: 7
Views: 1464

Re: 16th C Spanish and Nahuatl

by Astraios
Mon Jan 15, 2018 5:06 am
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Help your fluency in a nifty way
Replies: 4604
Views: 730667

Re: Help your fluency in a nifty way

.שטותעריי! דער ווינטער איז ביי אלעמען די בעסערע תקופה Shtuseray! Der vinter iz bay alemen di besere tkufe. Poppycock! Winter is on all accounts the superior season. By abi wemen! Summer kenn men arop af Plazches, essen Yselech, sich uistoon Malbuschim, oon sich kainmool nit varnetzen (uissern Schwi...
by Astraios
Sun Jan 14, 2018 5:26 pm
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Help your fluency in a nifty way
Replies: 4604
Views: 730667

Re: Help your fluency in a nifty way

In Yisroel tuet es vargrienen in Winter allz arum wegen dem Regen, nor vargellen unn varbruinen in Summer. Ich hob die Grienkait vunn Winter holdt, nor die Sunn unn hechere Temperaturen vunn Summer tuen mich iberall meer freidiken wie a Grienkait, wos balaiten sie kalterhait Sturrmen unn gruileche ...
by Astraios
Tue Dec 26, 2017 5:06 pm
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Help your fluency in a nifty way
Replies: 4604
Views: 730667

Re: Help your fluency in a nifty way

ヘブライ語は逆だから。ボードのソフトは左から右で、混ぜるのは出来ない感じ Cos Hebrew is backwards. The board software is left to right, and never the twain shalt mix Ot ainer vun die Grunten, varwannen halt ich letztens in pruwen uistrachten var Jidisch a latijnische Orthographie, wos soll nischt uisseen kain miësen phonetischen Huren...
by Astraios
Wed Dec 13, 2017 6:14 am
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Help your fluency in a nifty way
Replies: 4604
Views: 730667

Re: Help your fluency in a nifty way

А кто ещё умирает, чтобы увидеть новый Звёздные войны? Я в пятницу пойду. Мне не нравится то, что вернулся в серию Дж. Дж. Абрамс, но ничего не поделаешь. Скорее увидим, испортил ли он ещё раз всё, дал ли нам на этот раз лучший фильм. پس کی دیگر می‌میرد تا جنگ ستارگان جدید را ببیند؟ من در جمعه می‌ر...
by Astraios
Thu Dec 07, 2017 6:16 am
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Spanish 1SG verbs in -oy
Replies: 3
Views: 1107

Re: Spanish 1SG verbs in -oy

Whatever the reason, it’s certainly more recent than the split between Castilian and Ladino (Judeo-Spanish), as the latter doesn’t have -oy, but -ó: yo só, dó, vó, estó; yet it does have hay, which maybe tips the scales in favor of -oy coming from -o yo.
by Astraios
Sun Oct 08, 2017 7:41 am
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: "ain't" in Merriam-Webster's and mention of "Black English"
Replies: 4
Views: 935

Re: "ain't" in Merriam-Webster's and mention of "Black Engli

I mean, really. The dictionary very clearly states in the exact entry linked in the OP that the use of ain’t as a replacement for ‘does not’ is what is associated with AAVE; this is entirely correct: the vast majority of other dialects don’t use ain’t for ‘does not’, and utterances like “I ain’t (do...
by Astraios
Wed Sep 27, 2017 3:33 am
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Help your fluency in a nifty way
Replies: 4604
Views: 730667

Re: Help your fluency in a nifty way

It sounds like a nice evening. Да, мы с друзьями (то есть, я приказала, чтобы друзья, под страхом смерти) посмотрели «Энни» (версию 80-ых), «Магазинчик ужасов», «Король и я» 1952 года. Похищение сирот, массовое убийство/антропофагия, ориентализм, в сопровождении невинных и легко запоминающихся тоно...
by Astraios
Tue Sep 26, 2017 4:26 pm
Forum: Languages & Linguistics
Topic: Help your fluency in a nifty way
Replies: 4604
Views: 730667

Re: Help your fluency in a nifty way

Всем спасибо за добрые слова (и hwhatting за исправления). В будущем году приглашу тоже вас — а блюд из гранатов будет только одно, обещаю ).
Thanks for the kind words, guys (and hwhatting for the corrections). You’re all invited next year — and there’ll only be one pomegranate dish, promise. :)