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zompist bboard • View topic - Morphosyntactic alignment

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PostPosted: Fri Apr 29, 2011 4:52 pm 
Niš
Niš

Joined: Fri Apr 29, 2011 11:31 am
Posts: 10
I'm not certain what the alignment would be called, but here's how Galleme is structured:

Nominative Agent
Irajedme tera
Ira-j-ed-me te-ra
go-ind.-compl.past-1st.sg.Active Pers.Pron.2nd.sg.-Dat/Lat
I went (willfully) to you

Nominative Patient
Irajedmi tem
Ira-j-ed-mi te-ra
go-ind.-compl.past-1st.sg.Mediopass. PP2nd.sg.-Dat/Lat
I was brought (by someone else/beyond my will) to you


Accusative -(e)m
You brought me
Irajedte mem
Ira-j-ed-te me-m
go-ind.-compl.past-2nd.sg.Active PP1st.sg.-Acc


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PostPosted: Thu Sep 08, 2011 3:43 pm 
Lebom
Lebom
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Joined: Mon Aug 24, 2009 5:23 pm
Posts: 188


Last edited by ná'oolkiłí on Tue Sep 20, 2011 5:35 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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PostPosted: Thu Sep 08, 2011 4:13 pm 
Smeric
Smeric
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Joined: Wed Mar 08, 2006 5:00 pm
Posts: 1630
Location: Braunschweig, Germany
Wow, an excellent diachronic account of morphosyntactic alignment in Kartvelian, one of the coolest language families on Earth. Rock'n'roll! A million thanks!

_________________
...brought to you by the Weeping Elf
Tha cvastam émi cvastam santham amal phelsa. -- Friedrich Schiller
ESTAR-3SG:P human-OBJ only human-OBJ true-OBJ REL-LOC play-3SG:A


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PostPosted: Sat Sep 10, 2011 7:39 pm 
Lebom
Lebom

Joined: Tue May 11, 2010 5:50 pm
Posts: 196
Location: Berlin, Germany


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PostPosted: Wed Sep 14, 2011 2:57 pm 
Avisaru
Avisaru

Joined: Tue Jul 25, 2006 10:12 pm
Posts: 402
Those Kartvelian MSAs are like intricately-woven tapestries.

Well...



Gac is direct-inverse and fluid-S. The ditransitive alignment depends on the hierarchical relationship between the two objects: if R > T, then it's dechticaetiative; if R < T, then double-object.



Here's an idea for an active lang that's been bouncing around in my brain lately:

Cases:

Nominative-accusative (aka "nominative")
Accusative-dative (aka "dative")

S/S
A--P
D--R--T


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