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zompist bboard :: View topic - Morphosyntactic alignment
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Morphosyntactic alignment
http://www.incatena.org/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=18739
Page 7 of 8

Author:  rickardspaghetti [ Sat Jul 18, 2009 8:14 am ]
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Author:  TomHChappell [ Sat Jul 18, 2009 11:05 am ]
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Author:  rickardspaghetti [ Sat Jul 18, 2009 11:10 am ]
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Author:  TomHChappell [ Sat Jul 18, 2009 11:11 am ]
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Author:  rickardspaghetti [ Sat Jul 18, 2009 11:15 am ]
Post subject: 

. Read through the whole page.

Author:  TaylorS [ Tue Aug 18, 2009 11:44 pm ]
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Eridanian update:

Now Eridanian is Ergative-Dative

bo- = Ergative case, derived from English "by"

Bill ate = boBiu xeyee'
Bill ate breakfast = Biu xeyeedi' bobrafosh

Fo- = Benefactive
Ta- = Dative

Bill stopped Jack for John
"Biu xeshaafti' boJex foJaan"

Bill brought drinks to the party
"Biu xebraadam bojrenks tadapootei.

Author:  Mbwa [ Fri Aug 21, 2009 10:54 pm ]
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Author:  rickardspaghetti [ Fri Aug 21, 2009 11:07 pm ]
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Author:  Whimemsz [ Sun Aug 23, 2009 12:05 pm ]
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Verbs that can be either transitive or intransitive are known as "" verbs. But which verbs are ambitransitive aren't universal across different languages; "eat" is one in English, but you could definitely have a language where an object is required, or where two different verbs are used, one for the transitive sense and one for the intransitive sense*. And keep in mind that we're talking about morphosyntax here--an argument over whether the verb is underlyingly semantically transitive isn't relevant to whether a particular language marks the verb as transitive (AGT=ergative case) or intransitive (AGT=absolutive case).



*Ojibwe is one such language. In Ojibwe, transitive verbs have completely different inflections from intransitive ones, and pairs of lexically distinct verbs exist for many different verbs that are ambitransitive in English. To take the example at hand, there's wiisini "animate subject to eat [intransitive]" and miijin "to eat inanimate object": ingii-wiisin "I ate" vs. ingii-miijin ozaawikosimaan "I ate a pumpkin".

Author:  Radius Solis [ Sun Aug 23, 2009 5:06 pm ]
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Author:  TaylorS [ Sun Aug 23, 2009 5:50 pm ]
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Author:  rickardspaghetti [ Sun Aug 23, 2009 5:54 pm ]
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Author:  Whimemsz [ Tue Aug 25, 2009 10:20 am ]
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Author:  abeygail [ Sat Jan 23, 2010 2:32 pm ]
Post subject:  Questions about my conlang's MA(& Active VS Nom)


Author:  TomHChappell [ Sat Jan 23, 2010 3:43 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Questions about my conlang's MA(& Active VS Nom)


Author:  Vardelm [ Sat Jan 23, 2010 4:09 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Questions about my conlang's MA(& Active VS Nom)


Author:  abeygail [ Sat Jan 23, 2010 7:17 pm ]
Post subject: 

Vardelm and TomHchappel, thank you. I was just about to change my language's grammar from the actual Dechcantitive to my weird alignemt. Chose a Dechitcantitive alignment because it seems more "centered" to me: I see R as in the middle of a line while P and T are to the right and D and A are to the left. My lang actually is active... I know this because I regularly have intratansitive clauses that treat the Subject like a patient or a Theme, as well as the use of nominalizing infixes to change meaning: Ie Kah "to swim" becomes activised "Swimmer (IE fish)" but when passivised it becomes "Fishpond".
I thank you both greatly for your support!
PS. I chose Dechticantitive as my conculture in giving sees D as gaining moral wealth while T gains physical wealth and the ability to give back again and thus gain moral wealth.

Author:  Vardelm [ Sat Jan 23, 2010 9:03 pm ]
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Author:  abeygail [ Sat Jan 23, 2010 10:01 pm ]
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Author:  TomHChappell [ Mon Jan 25, 2010 6:16 pm ]
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Author:  Bedelato [ Sat Dec 04, 2010 7:26 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Morphosyntactic alignment

Bengedian is accusative-dative.
I've also added a quirk: Agents in passive sentences are marked with the genitive case. A passive sentence like Sa ida sas cones bitec "I was bitten by my dog" could literally be translated as "I was my dog's bitten" :D

Author:  TomHChappell [ Mon Dec 06, 2010 7:46 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Morphosyntactic alignment


Author:  makvas [ Tue Dec 21, 2010 12:57 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Morphosyntactic alignment


Author:  TomHChappell [ Thu Dec 23, 2010 7:19 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Morphosyntactic alignment


Author:  roninbodhisattva [ Thu Jan 27, 2011 1:18 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Morphosyntactic alignment


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