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zompist bboard • View topic - Word-based Morphology

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 Post subject: Word-based Morphology
PostPosted: Wed Jul 28, 2010 12:07 am 
Avisaru
Avisaru
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This article is one of the coolest linguistics articles that I've read in a while, and anyone interesting in morphology and morphological theory should read it:



The abstract:
This paper examines two contrasting perspectives on morphological analysis, and considers inflectional patterns that bear on the choice between these alternatives. On what is termed an ABSTRACTIVE perspective, surface word forms are regarded as basic morphotactic units of a grammatical system, with roots, stems and exponents treated as abstractions over a lexicon of word forms. This traditional standpoint is contrasted with the more CONSTRUCTIVE perspective of post-Bloomfieldian models, in which surface word forms are 'built' from sub-word units. Part of the interest of this contrast is that it cuts across conventional divisions of morphological models. Thus, realization-based models are morphosyntactically 'word-based' in the sense that they regard words as the minimal meaningful units of a grammatical system. Yet morphotactically, these models tend to adopt a constructive ‘root-based’ or ‘stem-based’ perspective. An examination of some form-class patterns in Saami, Estonian and Georgian highlights advantages of an abstractive model, and suggests that these advantages derive from the fact that sets of words often predict other word forms and determine a morphotactic analysis of their parts, whereas sets of sub-word units are of limited predictive value and typically do not provide enough information to recover word forms.


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PostPosted: Thu Jul 29, 2010 8:14 pm 
Lebom
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PostPosted: Fri Jul 30, 2010 12:28 am 
Avisaru
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PostPosted: Fri Jul 30, 2010 9:59 pm 
Lebom
Lebom

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If you like inferential models, check out Gregory Stump's Inflectional Morphology: A Theory of Paradigm Structure ( is also pretty good) and Joan Bybee's Morphology: a Study of the Relation between Meaning and Form. Also, I believe the second edition of Understanding Morphology (which hasn't yet been published, but should be by the end of the year) uses an inferential model for most of its explanations.

Apologies if you knew this already! Maybe it will help some other budding linguists on the board :)

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PostPosted: Sat Jul 31, 2010 2:41 pm 
Avisaru
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 Post subject:
PostPosted: Sun Aug 01, 2010 11:44 am 
Lebom
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