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A guide to small consonant inventories
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Author:  2+3 clusivity [ Fri Feb 14, 2014 9:18 am ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories


Author:  kodé [ Fri Feb 14, 2014 1:00 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories


Author:  cromulant [ Fri Feb 14, 2014 1:36 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories


Author:  cromulant [ Fri Feb 14, 2014 2:27 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories


Author:  Pogostick Man [ Fri Feb 14, 2014 6:47 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories


Author:  Nortaneous [ Fri Feb 14, 2014 10:11 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories


Author:  Richard W [ Sat Feb 15, 2014 9:25 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories


Author:  cromulant [ Sun Feb 16, 2014 1:21 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories


Author:  Nortaneous [ Mon Feb 17, 2014 5:48 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories


Author:  ---- [ Wed Feb 19, 2014 2:51 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories

Found a bunch more (really long list inbound); cf.

Akuntsú: /p t k kʷ ʔ m n ŋ w j ɾ/
Akurio: /p t tʃ k ʔ m n w j ɾ/
Andoke: /p t k b d ɟ ɸ s h ɲ ɾ/
Apalaí: /p t k ʔ s z ʃ m n w j ɾ/
Apiaká: /p t k ʔ s h m n ŋ w j ɾ/
Arára: /p t tʃ k m n ŋ w j ɾ l/
Araweté: /p t tʃ k ʔ d h m n w j ɾ/
Arikapú: /p t tʃ k ʔ h m n w j ɾ/
Asuriní do Tocantins: /p t k kʷ ʔ s h m n ŋ w/
Avá-Canoeiro: /p t tʃ k kʷ ʁ m n ŋ w j ɾ/
Barasana-Eduria: /p t c k b d ɟ g h w ɾ/
Cabiyarí: /p t̪ t tʃ k ʔ h m n w j ɾ/
Carib (French Guiana): /p t k ʔ s h m n w j ɭ/
Carib (Venezuela): /p t k s m n w j ɾ/
Chané Chiriguano: /p t tʃ k kʷ β s ʝ m n ŋ ɾ/
Izoceño Chiriguano: /p t k kʷ gʷ mb nd ŋg β s ʝ ɾ/
Desano: /p t k b d g s w j/
Gavião do Pará: /p t tʃ k kʰ h m n w j ɾ/
Guajá: /p t tʃ k kʷ ʔ h m n w j ɾ/
Ingarikó: /p t k ʔ s m n w j ɾ/
Iquito: /p t k kʷ s h m n w j ɾ/
Jamamadí: /b t d ɟ k ɸ s h m n w ɾ/ (possibly the same language as Jarawara)
Jarawara: /b t ɟ k ɸ s h m n w ɾ/ (h is reported as being nasalized on the Wikipedia article)
Júma: /p t k ʔ g h m n ŋ w j ɾ/
Kanoé: /p t ts k β x m n ɲ w j ɾ/
Karapanã-Siriano: /p t k b d g s h w j ɾ/
Karitiâna: /p t k s h m n ɲ ŋ w ɾ/
Katukína: /p t tʃ k b d dʒ h m n ɲ l/
Kaxuiâna: /p t tʃ k ʔ s h m n w j ɾ/
Kokama: /p t ts tʃ k x m n w j ɾ/
Krahô: /p t ts k kʰ h m n ŋ w j l/
Latunde: /p t k ʔ β s h m n w j l/
Macuna: /t k b d g s h w j ɾ/
Makuráp: /p t tʃ k m n ŋ w j ɾ/
Nukak: /p t c k ʔ b d ɟ g h w ɾ/
Oro Win: /p t̪ʙ t k ʔ β s m n w j ɾ/ (I've heard this language mentioned on here before but apparently it makes the cut)
Panará: /p t k ʔ s h m n w j ɾ/
Parakanã: /p t tʃ k kʷ ʔ β h m n ŋ ɾ/
Parkateje : /p t k ʔ h m n w j ɾ/
Pisamira: /p t tʃ k b d g β ʝ h ɰ/
Pemon: /p t k ʔ s m n w j ɾ/
Sabanê: /p t k ʔ ɓ ɗ s h m n l/
Sanumá: /p t ts k tʰ s h m n w l/
Tanimuca-Retuarã: /p t k ʔ b d s h w j ɾ/
Tatuyo: /p t c k b d g h w j ɾ/
Taushiro: /t tʃ k kʷ ʔ x h n ɲ w j ɾ/
Umotína: /p t k z ʃ ʒ m n w j ɾ l/
Waimaha: /p t k b d g h w j ɾ/
Waorani: /p t k b d g m n ɲ ŋ w j/
Wayana: /p t k h m n w j ɽ/
Yabarana: /p t k s h m n ɲ w j ɾ/
Yameo: /p t k s ʃ m n w j l/
Yanomami (Venezuela): /p t k tʰ s ʃ h m n w j ɾ/
Yãroamë: /p t tʃ k x h m n ɲ w ɾ/
Yekwana: /t tʃ k ʔ s h m n ɲ w j ɾ/
Yukpa de Irapa: /p t tʃ k ʔ s ʃ m n ʋ j ɾ/
Yurutí: /p t k b d g s h w j ɾ/

Several of these have identical inventories to each other, but I've included them for completeness. You can remove the duplicates if you want, or do whatever with these.

In general they're pretty boring as far as inventory goes, but there are a couple I think are especially strange. Taushiro has no labials, Umotina has /z/ but not /s/, Cabiyari, despite the small inventory, distinguishes dental and alveolar stops, and Avá-Canoeiro has a uvular consonant, which is really unusual for the area. The Amazon is weird.

Author:  Nortaneous [ Wed Feb 19, 2014 7:28 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories

thanks -- have to make the most of the limited connectivity I have, so I'll add those tonight and update tomorrow

Author:  cromulant [ Sat Feb 22, 2014 11:47 am ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories

Why do small consonant inventories and simple syllable structure tend to go hand in hand?

Author:  Pole, the [ Sat Feb 22, 2014 3:32 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories


Author:  Cúlro [ Tue Feb 25, 2014 9:53 am ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories


Author:  cromulant [ Tue Feb 25, 2014 12:50 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories

That makes a lot of intuitive sense. My two 6-consonant phonologies ended up evolving into a 17- and a 19-consonant system for that very reason.

Author:  Nortaneous [ Wed Mar 12, 2014 6:05 am ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories

updated

Author:  Chengjiang [ Wed Mar 12, 2014 6:05 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories


Author:  Cúlro [ Wed Mar 12, 2014 7:53 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories

Well there's no reason for the converse to be true - the theory is that simple simple syllable structure prevents the consonant inventory from growing by providing fewer environments (fewer clusters) for new consonant distinctions to form, so consonant inventories of any size should be stable when combined with simple syllable structure.

In fact, perhaps we might expect Bantu, Khoisan and Kabardian style massive consonant inventories with CV syllable structure to be the end result of this process - if a language with a small inventory loses its simple syllable restriction, then clusters form, simplify into new phonemes, and after a few cycles of this the result would be a large consonant inventory and simple syllable structure again (because the clusters have simplified to new phonemes).

Diachronics challenge: provide sound changes from Rotokas to Kabardian :wink:

Author:  R.Rusanov [ Thu Mar 13, 2014 10:31 am ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories

over a sufficiently long time span anything is possible.

Author:  Ketumak [ Tue Apr 15, 2014 3:05 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories

I nominate this thread for the L&L Museum.

Mods please note.

Author:  Chengjiang [ Tue Apr 15, 2014 3:07 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories


Author:  Cedh [ Tue Apr 15, 2014 4:07 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories


Author:  Chengjiang [ Wed Apr 16, 2014 6:01 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories


Author:  KathTheDragon [ Wed Apr 16, 2014 6:45 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories


Author:  Nortaneous [ Thu Apr 24, 2014 10:13 am ]
Post subject:  Re: A guide to small consonant inventories

There are some Australian languages where the only plosive series is realized as voiced, yes.

Wikipedia lists aɾiakɾe for k-less men's speech, so either that's an error or there are still voiceless stops there. It may be that some /tʃ/ are retained too. Anyone have a PDF of The Amazonian Languages?

Arapaho is the only language here with a labial plosive, /n/, and no /m/, but its only labial plosive is voiced. Are there languages with /p n/ and no /m/?

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