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I KEIM HEWE IN THE ΠVEΓININΓ TA LEAWN WELX, ΠVVT NAW THE ΠVWΠVΣE FVW ΠVEINΓ HEWE IΣ VNKLEAW. THAT IΣ WAIT I LIKE TA MAKE KAWNLANΓΣ AWN THE ΣΠAWT.
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I thought what I'd do was, I'd pretend I was one of those deaf-mutes.


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1) Mae o'n darllen?.
2) Mae o'n cysgu.
3) Mae Ioan yn bwyta.
4) Ydy Rhodry yn chwyrnu? Or should it be Ydy Rhodry'n chwyrnu?
5) Mae Deniol yn addysgu.
6) Mae Eleri yn gyrru. -or- Mae Eleri'n gyrru.
7) Ydy Angarad yn gwrando?
;) Ydy Pharazon yn godro?
9) Mae Iowerth yn siarad malu cachu.


I have small questions on two.

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agus tha mo chluasan eòlach air a’ mhac-talla fhathast / às dèidh dhomh dùsgadh
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I KEIM HEWE IN THE ΠVEΓININΓ TA LEAWN WELX, ΠVVT NAW THE ΠVWΠVΣE FVW ΠVEINΓ HEWE IΣ VNKLEAW. THAT IΣ WAIT I LIKE TA MAKE KAWNLANΓΣ AWN THE ΣΠAWT.
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I KEIM HEWE IN THE ΠVEΓININΓ TA LEAWN WELX, ΠVVT NAW THE ΠVWΠVΣE FVW ΠVEINΓ HEWE IΣ VNKLEAW. THAT IΣ WAIT I LIKE TA MAKE KAWNLANΓΣ AWN THE ΣΠAWT.
TVWTLEHEAΔ


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What happened to this? Don't tell me more people want to learn Irish than Welsh!

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agus tha mo chluasan eòlach air a’ mhac-talla fhathast / às dèidh dhomh dùsgadh
(mona nicleòid wagner, “fo shneachd”)


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I KEIM HEWE IN THE ΠVEΓININΓ TA LEAWN WELX, ΠVVT NAW THE ΠVWΠVΣE FVW ΠVEINΓ HEWE IΣ VNKLEAW. THAT IΣ WAIT I LIKE TA MAKE KAWNLANΓΣ AWN THE ΣΠAWT.
TVWTLEHEAΔ


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PostPosted: Tue Feb 07, 2006 2:04 pm 
Lebom
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Translation:

Wales is (a) peninsula in the West of Britain. Wales is Celtic (a) country. Ioan is (a) Welshman. He lives (is living) in Wales. He speaks (is speaking) English. He also speaks (is speaking) Welsh. What is Ioan's mothertongue? English is Ioan's mothertongue. How did Ioan learn Welsh? Ioan is (a) member of the Welsh Language Society. He is going to (a) lesson to speak Welsh. Why is he learning Welsh? Because he is (a) Welshman!


Exercises:

1) Ydy o'n darllen?
2) Mae o'n cysgu.
3) Ioan ydy bwyta.
4) Ydy Rhodri chwyrnu?
5) Deiniol ydy addysgu.
6) Eleri ydy gyrru.
7) Ydy Angharad gwrando? (gwrando)
8) Ydy Pharazon godro? (godro)
9) Iorwerth ydy malu cachu. (malu cachu)

Wasnt sure about word order...


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I KEIM HEWE IN THE ΠVEΓININΓ TA LEAWN WELX, ΠVVT NAW THE ΠVWΠVΣE FVW ΠVEINΓ HEWE IΣ VNKLEAW. THAT IΣ WAIT I LIKE TA MAKE KAWNLANΓΣ AWN THE ΣΠAWT.
TVWTLEHEAΔ


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I KEIM HEWE IN THE ΠVEΓININΓ TA LEAWN WELX, ΠVVT NAW THE ΠVWΠVΣE FVW ΠVEINΓ HEWE IΣ VNKLEAW. THAT IΣ WAIT I LIKE TA MAKE KAWNLANΓΣ AWN THE ΣΠAWT.
TVWTLEHEAΔ


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Gwers Dwy

Llydaw

Llydaw yw gwlad Geltaidd hefyd. Rhan y chweongl Ffrainc ydy hi. Mae Ffrainc yn ei rheoli hi. Yann ydy Llydawiad. Mae o'n siarad Llydaweg. Mae o'n siarad Ffrangeg hefyd. Y Llydaweg ydy ei? famiaith o. Er hynny dydy o ddim yn siarad Llydaweg ac eithrio gan ei? gyfeillion. Mae Yann yn dysgu Cymraeg trwy llythr. Mae o'n ysgrifennu llythr at Ioan yng Nghymru. Ioan ydy ei? ohebydd, ac ei? gyfaill.

Geirfa - Vocabulary

Llydaw = Brittany
hefyd = also, as well
rhan (f) = part
chweongl (f) = hexagon
Ffrainc = France
mae ... yn ei rheoli hi = ... rules it
Llydawiad = person from Brittany
Llydaweg = Breton language
Ffrangeg = French language
mamiaith (f) = native language
er hynny = however
dydy = is not
ac eithrio = except
gan = with
ei? = his
cyfaill, cyfeillion = friend
trwy = through, via
llythr = letter
ysgrifennu = write
at = to
gohebydd = pen-friend, correspondent
a (ac before vowels) = and

Feminine nouns are marked with an f.

Cwestiynau - Questions

All the answers can be found in the text, and then just copied down. Do write in complete sentences, however.

1) Beth ydy Llydaw?
2) Beth ydy Yann?
3) Beth ydy ei famiaith?
4) Pryd (when) mae o'n siarad Llydaweg (note that here "mae" is used, not "ydy")
5) Beth mae Yann yn dysgu?
6) Beth mae Yann yn ysgrifennu?
7) Pwy ydy ei ohebydd?

Gramadeg - Grammar

Adjectives

In Welsh, adjectives typically follow their nouns, as we have seen with phrases like gwlad Geltaidd Celtic country.

When an adjective follows a feminine noun, the first consonant of the adjective undergoes lention: Celtaidd Celtic > iaith (f) Geltaidd Celtic language.

The Definite Article

The definite article in Welsh is y, which becomes yr before words beginning in vowels and 'r when following words ending in vowels. It causes the first consonant of a following feminine noun to undergo lenition: tafarn pub > y dafarn the pub. However, if the first consonant is ll or rh it does not lenite: y rhan, not y ran.

The Indefinite Article

Doesn't exist in Welsh. There isn't one. Forget about it, you never needed it anyway. I mean, look at the Russians.

Ymarferiaid - Exercises

Exercise 1

Translate the following into Welsh, making use of the vocabulary given below and that you've already learnt:

1) a happy friend
2) a stupid man
3) a tall Welshman
4) a small Breton
5) an ugly boy
6) a fat horse

hapus happy, dyn man, tal tall (spot the loanword!), bychan small, mab boy, hagr ugly, ceffyl horse, tew fat.

Exercise 2

Translate the following into Welsh, making use of the vocabulary given below and before. All the nouns are feminine. Now, what do you do with adjectives after feminine nouns?

1) a large part
2) a loving mother
3) a pretty girl
4) a small pub
5) a fat cow
6) a wooly sheep

rhan part, mam mother, geneth girl, tafarn pub, buwch cow, dafad sheep (hurrah!), mawr large, teg pretty, gwlanog wooly, cariadus loving


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