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zompist bboard • View topic - A Proto-Eastern descendant

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PostPosted: Sat Nov 23, 2013 4:18 pm 
Lebom
Lebom

Joined: Sun Apr 15, 2012 4:27 pm
Posts: 189
A descendant of Zomp's Proto-Eastern:

Stage 1 (very similar to Cuezi)
The feminine gender disappears.
ti -> si
te -> se
kt -> ht
Cs -> CVs (where the V could be 'i', 'u' or 'a' depending on the previous vowel)
V = i if the previous vowel is i or e,
V = a if the previous vowel is a, and
V=u if the previous vowel is o or u.
e.g. akrens 'maple' -> akreni,
fants 'spirit' -> fanta,
fwaks 'oak' -> fwaka,
gans' 'goose' -> gansa
CsVs -> CCVs
s -> 0 / _#, so aytsas 'summer' -> aytta (spelled 'aitta')
Initial consonant clusters are prefixed by an epenthetic i-, as in 'ihtaanem' ('to come').
ɣ -> r
rVr -> rV
ee -> ie
oo -> uo
Vx -> VhV
ae -> ai
oe -> oi

Stage 2:
The Great Vowel Shift!
The long 'a, i , u' and the diphthongs 'ai, ei, aw, ie, uo' sound like 'ei, ai, au, ei, ii, aa, ia, ua'.
So 'snow' is now 'naihte'. And:
taw 'he, she' -> taa
tawra 'fire' -> taara
raafs 'justice' -> reifa
nooktu 'night' -> nuahtu
γīra 'wife' -> raia
γiksis -> rikki
L-vocalization!
dark l -> w (spelled u).
kalkos -> kauku

The case endings are as follows:
Genitive: -e (though strange things can happen -- e.g. xaunu 'land' -> xaune, aitta 'summer' -> aitseihe)
Dative: -nu (aitta -> aitsanu)
Ablative: -tu (aitta -> aitsatu)
Instrumental: -ku (aitsaku)
There are two locative forms: the 'short form' which is irregular, and the 'long form' which derives from the preposition 'fa', so 'aitsafa'.
The plurals are complicated.

Stage 3:
The singular and plural forms take on singulative and collective meanings. The language develops a regular partitive plural suffix (similar to Quenya), -ni.

The dative, ablative, instrumental and locative case endings turn into prepositions: nu, tu, ku, fa. The genitive is regularized and turns into another preposition, he. The language now has four cases: nominative, accusative, prepositional, and locative (vestigial).

Stage 4:
Word-final -m disappears, and thus the accusative and prepositional cases merge.


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PostPosted: Sat Nov 23, 2013 5:16 pm 
Smeric
Smeric
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Joined: Wed Mar 08, 2006 5:00 pm
Posts: 1630
Location: Braunschweig, Germany
This looks like a good start. I'd like to see this developed into a full-fledged conlang.

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ESTAR-3SG:P human-OBJ only human-OBJ true-OBJ REL-LOC play-3SG:A


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PostPosted: Sat Nov 23, 2013 7:25 pm 
Lebom
Lebom

Joined: Sun Apr 15, 2012 4:27 pm
Posts: 189
Here are the numbers, in case I get Jankoed:

einu (sounds like the Cuezi for 'first', and the German for 'one'!)
duna
daima
beiro
panto
fetsa
xeipi
yoki
nebri
dehti


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