So, just like Latin, Greek, Sanskrit, etc., Lusitanic has a fairly complex verbal system with a full array of tenses and moods. This is going to take some thinking through, but here's what has already been decided by Lusitanic's position within the family tree:
-The perfect and aorist have long since merged into a single preterite. There is no augment.
-There are two voices, active and passive, and the passive is marked by an -r in the endings.
-There is a subjunctive mood descending from a form with a thematic vowel ā. This thematic vowel also forms a denominative conjugation from nouns or adjectives, whose subjunctive derives from the PIE optative -yeh₁- attached the the ā, which was true of Latin ā-stems (I believe- that is where forms like amet derive from, yes?)
In addition to this:
-There is a progressive aspect derived from an affixed form of *steh₂.
-An imperfect tense has been innovated, from the 0-grade of *bʰew-.
-An old PIE desiderative formation has been pressed into service as a future.
-An infinitive has been innovated. It seems likely that there was some sort of PIE infinitive-like formation deriving from something like *-se(n), which would have produced both Greek's -εῖν and Latin's -re infinitives.
Therefore, here are the forms that will exist:
-The indicative mood has present, present progressive, imperfect, preterite, preterite progressive, pluperfect, future, future perfect, and future progressive tenses.
-The subjunctive has present, progressive, and perfect tenses.
-The imperative has present, progressive and future tenses.
-The infinitive and the participles have present, progressive and preterite (perfective) forms.
-All of these exist in both active and passive moods.
The Lusitanic verbal system is complicated enough that verbs do not really fit into separate conjugations as in Latin, but must rather have a principle part system as in Greek. So far, it appears likely that the present indicative active, future indicative active, and preterite indicative active will be principle parts; there will probably be one or two others. We'll see. Paradigms to come.
Last edited by dhok on Thu Oct 03, 2013 5:54 pm, edited 1 time in total.