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zompist bboard :: View topic - Lexember 2017
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Lexember 2017
http://www.incatena.org/viewtopic.php?f=4&t=45054
Page 1 of 2

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Fri Dec 01, 2017 11:57 pm ]
Post subject:  Lexember 2017

Well, everybody, Lexember is here again. Let's not forget the reason for the season: the expansion of the vocabulary of a beloved conlang ... or, in my case this year, the creation of vocabulary from scratch for a language that did not have a name before today. This year, I have also a created a Lexember tumblr, so I will be crossposting.

Day 1: Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą /vàqʼõ̀ʔ nã̀ʃã́/ n. “the Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą language”

< /wàqòᵑɡ/ “jaw.ᴄᴏɴsᴛʀᴜᴄᴛ” + /nã̀g/ “people, folk” (cf. /nã̀ᵑɡ/ “face, facing”) + /a ː / “3ᴘʟ.ᴘᴏss” (clitic)

lit. “our people’s jaw”. Note semi-regular ejective neutralisation and accompanying high tone: /nã̀gàː/ > /nã̀kʼàː/ > /nã̀kàː/ > /nã̀ʃã́/. Treated regularly as one word, we would expect the final outcome to be /nã̀kʼã̀/. The 3ᴘʟ.ᴘᴏss clitic regularly assimilates nasalisation from a neighboring syllable.

http://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/1681012285 ... e-language

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Sun Dec 03, 2017 2:52 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą day 2: dhązēdh ngó /ðã̀zèːð ŋoː˨˦/ n. “owl”

< /ⁿdã̀ʒéːd/ “night” + /gòʔ/ “dive” + /òʔ/ “ᴀɴᴍᴢ”

lit. “night-diver”

https://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/168140195 ... about-owls

Author:  spanick [ Sun Dec 03, 2017 6:03 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Gotski
сова “owl” Fem. 1; borrowing

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Mon Dec 04, 2017 2:59 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą day 3: qhāhta /χáːhtá/ n. “scrubland, heath, arid lands with some tree cover near a desert”

< /qáː/ “not intense, to a low degree, weak, sickly” + /stàː/ “woods”

lit. “weak woods”. That this was an early compound is indicated by the shortening of the vowel in the second syllable.

https://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/168178170 ... e-a-desert

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Tue Dec 05, 2017 2:09 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą day 4: tēká /téːkaː˦˥/ n. “plant, edible vegetables”

< /tèːk/ “grow, live” + /àʔ/ “ʀɴᴍᴢ”

lit. “growth”. Does not normally refer to crops (cultivated plants not yet prepared for food) specifically.

http://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/1682129938 ... ur-veggies

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Wed Dec 06, 2017 1:07 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą day 5: numbers!

2: ká /kaː˦˥/ cf. ká “to match, to pair”
3: ke /ké/ cf. khe “edge”
4: roh /ròh/
5: q’ehte /qʼéhté/ cf. q’ehtem “fist”
6: ōt’iʔ /òːtʼíʔ/
7: wą́ /wã˨˦/
8: wę́dhoh /wẽ˨˦ðòh/ cf. wę́ʔ “doubled”
9: sāʔ /sáːʔ/ cf. sāʔ “to take away”
10: yar /jàr/ cf. yara “finger”
11: tā /táː/ cf. tā “toe”
12: tāva /táːvà/ cf. tā vā “the next toe”
13: wake /wàké/
14: wovir /wòvìr/
15: ramah /ràmàh/ cf. ras- “large” and moh “basket, batch”
16: woqho /wòχó/
17: mą /mã̀/ note w-/m- alternation < underlying b-
18: khatas /xátás/ cf. khā- “smaller”
19: tāsa /táːsá/ cf. tā “toe” and sāʔ “to take away”
20: q’ehaʔ /qʼéháʔ/ cf. q’ehaʔ “all over”
30: kela /kélà/
40: vera /vérà/
50: thála /θaː˦˥là/

http://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/1682463281 ... -numbers-2

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Fri Dec 08, 2017 12:34 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

sorry! forgot to post day 6 here yesterday!

Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą day 6: ésá /eː˦˥saː˦˥/ n. “crops, plants cultivated in a garden or farm and still in the ground or not yet thoroughly processed”

< /ʔèʔć-/ “create, rear” + /àʔ/ “ʀɴᴍᴢ”

lit. “creation”.

https://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/168282526 ... mber-day-6

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Fri Dec 08, 2017 3:14 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą day 7: warę̈ʔ /wàrẽ́ʔ/ n. “hearth”

< /bàz/ “floor, part of a house.ᴄᴏɴsᴛʀᴜᴄᴛ ” + /ᶰɢẽ̀t/ “north”

lit. “north part of a house”, due to Nąśą custom of positioning the hearth in that location

https://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/168317526 ... mber-day-7

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Sat Dec 09, 2017 3:55 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą day 8: káhqhęmá /kaː˦˥hχẽ́maː˨˦/ n. “ravine, stream, brook”

< /kàːʔ/ “hill” + /ʃqẽ́ː/ “to whisper” + /(m)òʔ/ “ᴀɴᴍᴢ”

lit. “hill-whisperer”. Note that “hill” usually appears in an extended form derived from /kàːʔᵑɡą̀/. /o/ in the agent nominalizer regularly becomes /a/ in this word due to vowel harmony.

https://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/168351513 ... mber-day-8

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Sat Dec 09, 2017 1:38 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą day 9: haq’á /háqʼaː˦˥/ v. “to till (a garden or farm), to argue bitterly, to spread invidious gossip”

< /ʃàqàːʔ/ “to till”

https://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/168363820 ... mber-day-9

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Mon Dec 11, 2017 3:15 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą day 10: nąmąśá /nã̀mã̀ʃǎ́/ n. “a type of large evergreen tree, healthy (person), robust (person)”

< /nàᵐbáː/ “to taper” + /kàʔ/ “ɴᴇɢ.ᴀɴᴍᴢ”

lit. “not-taperer”, referring to the shape of the tree’s trunk compared to other similar tree species

https://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/168422956 ... ber-day-10

Author:  gestaltist [ Mon Dec 11, 2017 11:31 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Wow, Lexember really hasn't taken off this year, has it.

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Tue Dec 12, 2017 12:49 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

It's plenty taken off from my perspective. Lots of Lexember activity on conlang-l and tumblr. Not sure what the Zeeb's deal is.

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Tue Dec 12, 2017 12:51 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą day 11: khāśadhá /xáːʃáðǎ̀ː/ n. “flamingo”

< / skáː(d)kàd/ “pink (one), ruddy (one)” + /ⁿdáʔ/ “black (one)”

lit. “pink-black”, a dvandva compound

https://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/168456223 ... ber-day-11

Author:  bbbourq [ Tue Dec 12, 2017 10:04 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017


Author:  Vijay [ Tue Dec 12, 2017 10:15 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Don't worry, I remember I had a professor who pointed out that linguists tend to like using morbid examples anyway. ;)

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Wed Dec 13, 2017 2:17 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą day 12: aseʔt'äʔ /àséʔtʼáʔ/ n. “beehive”

< /ʔàt͡ʃèp/ “house.ᴄᴏɴsᴛʀᴜᴄᴛ” + /dàt/ “net, lace”

lit. “netting-house”

https://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/168494474 ... ber-day-12

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Thu Dec 14, 2017 1:48 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017


Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Thu Dec 14, 2017 1:49 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą day 13: kahsāhe /káhsáːhé/ v. “to forage, to search for food, to gather edible wild plants, to engage in harmless gossip”

< /kàʃt͡ʃáb/ “food.ᴄᴏɴsᴛʀᴜᴄᴛ” + /sì/ “ᴠʙᴢ”

lit. “to food”. Note that this term can be used with an animal or human subject with somewhat different meanings. Of humans, it normally means specifically gathering berries, roots, and other wild-growing plant material. Of animals, it refers to various behaviours in which the animal appears to be searching for food, with the exception of stalking large prey, e.g. prey larger than a mouse.

https://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/168529040 ... ber-day-13

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Fri Dec 15, 2017 12:46 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą day 14: rahśeʔ /ràhʃéʔ/ n. “raptor, bird of prey”

< /zàt͡ʃ/~/zàʃ/ “large, intense” + /kèkà/ “wing” (with apocope)

lit. “great-wing”. Note that this term originally referred specifically to the condor, but more recently has been applied generally to any bird of prey.

https://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/168561808 ... ber-day-14

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Fri Dec 15, 2017 2:18 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą day 15: q'ī rhorō /qʼíː ʀòròː/ n. “condor,”

< /sqìː/ “bone.ᴄᴏɴsᴛʀᴜᴄᴛ” + /ʀòzóː/ “medicine”

lit. “medicine bone”, referring to the use of condor bones in folk medicine. Replaced the earlier rahśeʔ after the latter began to be applied to other birds of prey.

https://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/168579513 ... ber-day-15

Author:  bbbourq [ Fri Dec 15, 2017 11:20 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017


Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Sat Dec 16, 2017 4:08 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą day 16: hewēmá /héwèːmà/ n. “ashes, gray (one)”

< /ʃèbéːb/ “to burn” + /àʔ/ “ʀɴᴍᴢ”

lit. “burn product”

https://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/168600360 ... ber-day-16

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Mon Dec 18, 2017 12:59 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą day 17: yāhq'é /jàːhqʼě́/ v. “to guard, to keep watch”

< /jàʔà/ “retainer, follower, subaltern” + /ʃqiʔ/ “ᴠʙᴢ (to act as)”

lit. “to act as a retainer”.

cf. Tmaśareʔ yahke “keep, guard, foster”?

https://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/168668925 ... ber-day-17

Author:  Šọ̈́gala [ Tue Dec 19, 2017 12:51 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lexember 2017

Vaq’ǫ̂ʔ Nąśą day 18: wē̈hq'ądh /wéːhqʼã́ð/ v. “viscacha, lagomorph-like animal”

< /péːsqã̀ⁿd/ id.

cf. wëhqhe “rock”

https://kwaco.tumblr.com/post/168679688 ... ber-day-18

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