Cool system! I notice you have a fusional form for red.IMPERFECTIVE; what does that look like in other roots? Is it always a vowel change? Is it ever possible to have zɔmèɲ (red.IMPERFECTIVE-PERFECTIVE)?
So the question is: if you conlang has verbs rather than a separate adjective class:
1. Are these verbs truly stative, or ingressive?
2. What TAM marking are they compatible with?
3. And what does the combination of verb and TAM marker mean, if different or notable compared to with dynamic verbs?
Feayran roots fall into one of two classes: telic
roots represent qualities which have an inherent completion state:h*s
- searching for something - telic
, completion state: finding what was searched fork*da
- going somewhere - telic
, completion state: arriving at the destinationnh*rhuk
- being angry - telic
, completion state: burning out, cooling down, being done with being angry, getting it off your chest...Atelic
roots represent qualities which do not have an inherent completion state:maz*
- being red/yellow - atelic
, no completion stateweùll*
- being a wolf - atelic
, no completion statettoèrh*k
- being dead - atelic
, no completion state
Predicates take one of eight aspect markers, four of which are relevant to this issue (so, the answer to your Question 2 is "all of them"). Their basic meanings are:For telic roots:Essential:
the subject inherently pursues the completion state (as an occupation, by its nature, etc.), although the completion state itself has zero salience. Hujulháskos
, searching<1-ESSENTIAL-UNFAMILIAR>, I am a tracker.Stative:
the subject incidentally is pursuing the completion state, although the completion state has low salience. Hujuxáskos
, searching<1-STATIVE-UNFAMILIAR>, I am tracking something unfamiliar.Imperfective:
the subject is pursuing the completion state, and there is salient progress toward the completion state. Hujusáskos
, searching<1-IMPERFECTIVE-UNFAMILIAR>, I am tracking something unfamiliar, and I am making headway.Perfective:
the subject has reached the completion state and is no longer pursuing it. Hujukáskos
, searching<1-PERFECTIVE-UNFAMILIAR>, I found something strange (after searching for it)
.For atelic roots:Essential:
the subject inherently exhibits the root quality. Mazulhálku
, red<ESSENTIAL-MASCULINE>, He is a red one.Stative:
the subject incidentally exhibits the root quality. Mazuxálku
, red<STATIVE-MASCULINE>, He is red (at the moment).Imperfective:
the subject is taking on the root quality. Mazusálku
, red<IMPERFECTIVE-MASCULINE>, He is turning red.Perfective:
the subject has experienced a change of state from not exhibiting the root quality to exhibiting it. Mazukálku
, red<PERFECTIVE-MASCULINE>, He turned red.
The telicity divide for the perfective aspect is rather interesting, since for telic roots, the perfective means that the subject currently does not
have the root quality, but for atelic roots it means that the subject currently does
Since my telic and atelic roots are somewhat analogous to dynamic and stative verbs respectively, regarding your first and third questions, atelic roots are ingressive with imperfective marking, but for the most part--particularly when marked with stative aspect--they are truly stative. Interestingly though, the same stative marking yields an ingressive distinction in telic roots.