D.J. Camilleri wrote:
In order for the article to agree with the case, the vowel that the old vowel changed to (u in this example) must be the last letter of the article (-to) and replace the o. Therefore "the dog" (subject) is "kanjutu."
I don't understand?
Basically, what I understand, is that... *deletes lengthy explanation*... how come it's kanjutu
and not tanjutu
What I can figure out so far is:
"Nomative" (nominative?): link, tanjo
accusative: lonk, tanju
Next with the definite affix:
"nomative": linkoto, tanjoto
accusative: linkutu, tanjutu (¿kanjutu?)
That was a typo, I meant tanjutu. So the real sentence reads: Linkoto tanjutu jalko.
When I said kanjutu, I was mixing up the accusative and the dative because kanjutu is the right form in the dative. Mistakes do happen. And yes, I also meant nominative when I said nomative.
Lunan has six cases for it's nouns. They are nominative, accusative, instrumental, dative, ablative and locative. Here's how you would get from the nominative form to all the other cases.Nominative:
boy (link), dog (tanjo), the boy (linkoto), the dog (tanjoto)--All Subjects
To form accusative from nominative, just change the last vowel in the word to the next vowel in the sequence as I explained in my previous post. Make sure your articles agree with the cases!Accusative:
boy (lonk), dog (tanju), the boy (lonkutu), the dog (tanjoto)--All Objects
Next there’s instrumental. To form this just take the nominative form and switch the first consonant
to the next consonant over in the consonant sequence. Yes Lunan does have a consonant sequence. However, it has four separate sequences for each different type of consonants (stops, fricatives, nasals and liquids). Here are the orders of the four sequences.
Stop sequence [p, t, k, g, ch, q]
Fricative Sequence [f, v, s, x, sh, h]
Nasal Sequence [m, n, ng]
Liquid Sequence [w, l, j]
So therefore the instrumental forms of the words would be:Instrumental:
with a boy (jink), with a dog (kanjo), with the boy (jinkoto), with the dog (kanjoto)
To form dative, you will do the same thing as you did for instrumental (with the consonant sequence) but instead use the accusative form. This as you will notice is how “kanjutu” was formed because “kanjutu” is grammatically correct in the dative form.Dative:
to a boy (jonk), to a dog (kanju), to the boy (jonkutu), to the dog (kanjutu)
Now back to the vowel sequences for ablative and locative. To form ablative, take the vowel that is two over from the first vowel in the nominative case form of word. If the word begins with a consonant in nominative, just stick this newly formed vowel in the beginning of the nominative and you are done. However, if the word begins with a vowel in nominative, just add a glottal stop (q) between this vowel and the new vowel. Whatever you do, do not change the beginning consonant!Ablative:
from/because of a boy (ulink), from/because of a dog (otanjo), from/because of the boy (ulinkoto), from/because of the dog (otanjoto)
To form the last case, the locative, just simply do the same thing you did to form the ablative except with the accusative form of the word instead of the nominative form. According to this you will get:Locative:
in a boy (ilonk), in a dog (utanju), in the boy (ilonkutu), in the dog (utanjutu)
You probably wouldn't use the locative on a boy or a dog, except if you're talking about parasites of course!