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zompist bboard • View topic - A guide to small consonant inventories

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PostPosted: Fri Apr 25, 2014 12:06 pm 
Smeric
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Tolomako has either 10 or 11 consonants: /m n p t k (s) ts β ɣ r l/. Wikipedia lists its phonemic inventory without /s/ but it also has a sample written with a single <s> in it. However, it appears before an <i> so I dunno if it's allophonic or what


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PostPosted: Fri Apr 25, 2014 4:30 pm 
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One of the linguists who did fieldwork on it says it has /s/.

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PostPosted: Sat Apr 26, 2014 7:53 am 
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PostPosted: Sun Apr 27, 2014 11:35 pm 
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PostPosted: Mon Apr 28, 2014 5:42 am 
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PostPosted: Fri Jun 27, 2014 5:59 am 
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Since I talked about Skou elsewhere, let's add Barupu here as it's missing from the list: /p t k b r m n j w/, 9 consonant phonemes in total.

It has /b/ as its only voiced stop but this isn't really remarkable at all as /r/ groups as the voiced variant of /t/.

Another one from the same family is the Waromo dialect of Vanimo. It appears to have /p t ʔ b d m n ɲ s ɺ j w/ (12 in total), though the SIL sheet is very vague about the dialectal distribution of the phonemes.


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PostPosted: Sat Jun 28, 2014 2:07 am 
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So I've redone the frequency analysis. Note that the duplicate analyses were not separated. These categories are possibly not strictly speaking correct with how the phonemes were analyzed (at least w.r.t. the fricatives and resonants). Also, beware of underspecified rhotics.

Plosives
/p/ - 153
/pˠ/ - 1
/b/ - 63
/ɓ/ - 1
/t/ - 174
/tʰ/ - 2
/d/ - 54
/ɗ/ - 2
/c/ - 4
/ɟ/ - 6
/k/ - 173
/kʰ/ - 2
/kʷ/ - 16
/g/ - 47
/gʷ/ - 1
/q/ - 2
/ʔ/ - 80
/ʔː/ - 1

Affricates
/tʙ/ - 1
/ts/ - 15
/dz/ - 1
/tʃ/ - 38
/dʒ/ - 11
/gʟ/ - 1

Nasals
/m/ - 145
/mˠ/ - 1
/n/ - 144
/ɲ/ - 12
/ŋ/ - 46

Fricatives
/ɸ/ - 8
/β/ - 18
/βˠ/ - 1
/f/ - 25
/v/ - 15
/θ/ - 4
/ð/ - 3
/s/ - 110
/z/ - 5
/ɮ/ - 1
/ʃ/ - 16
/ʒ/ - 1
/ç/ - 1
/ʝ/ - 3
/x/ - 8
/ɣ/ - 4
/ʁ/ - 1
/h/ - 9

Resonants
/ʍ/ - 1
/w/ - 122
/ʙ/ - 1
/ʋ/ - 2
/l/ - 42
/r/ - 110
/ɺ/ - 1
/ɾ/ - 1
/ɭ/ - 2
/ɽ/ - 1
/ɰ/ - 2
/j/ - 105

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PostPosted: Fri Jul 11, 2014 10:48 pm 
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Underspecifying the rhotics was a deliberate choice on my part, since I didn't feel like copying and pasting the tap character.

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PostPosted: Sat Jul 12, 2014 3:54 pm 
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Would it be more accurate to say that 113 langs had rhotics, or that (113 - x) langs had rhotics and, of these, x langs had more than one?

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PostPosted: Wed Jul 16, 2014 11:12 am 
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I'd say the former. Maybe spell out explicitly that (113-x) only had one.

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PostPosted: Thu Jul 17, 2014 11:10 am 
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This thread is such an amazing resource.

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vec


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PostPosted: Fri Sep 12, 2014 8:49 pm 
Smeric
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Found a new one!

Nakanai: /p t k b d g m β s h l r/
This comes from , who analyze the glides as being allophones of the high vowels. I'd believe it.

EDIT: And another!
Inanwatan has /p t k ʔ b d g f s m n/.


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PostPosted: Thu Jan 08, 2015 6:22 am 
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Hawaiian has /p k ? m n h w~v/. There is a t gap from a sound change.

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PostPosted: Thu Jan 08, 2015 7:49 pm 
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It's already been counted.


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PostPosted: Sat Jan 10, 2015 4:43 pm 
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PostPosted: Sat Jan 10, 2015 9:56 pm 
Smeric
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You didn't even check the first post of the thread?


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PostPosted: Sun Jan 11, 2015 1:29 am 
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Old Basque is often analysed with 9 consonants : /p t l r k s z n h/ I believe. A counterexample to the /p n/ implies /m/ rule. The modern reflexes of all stops are voiced unless doubled, so one could propose they were voiced in Old Basque as well. (The Trask Basque dictionary does this, and even leaves out /h/, setting it to 8 consonants, but says /h/ existed as a suprasegmental feature.)

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PostPosted: Mon Jan 12, 2015 12:09 am 
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PostPosted: Sun Jan 18, 2015 3:30 pm 
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Update. Haven't added anywhere near all the eligible languages in PHOIBLE but it's a start.

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PostPosted: Mon Jan 19, 2015 7:24 am 
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Abau has /m n p k s h ɾ j w/ 8 consonants
Ache has /m p mb t̪ n̪d̪ k ŋɡ t̠ʃ d̠ʒ β ɺ̪/ 10 consonants
Andoque has /ɲ p b t d ɟ k ɸ s h ɾ/ 11 consonants
Bariai has /m n ŋ p b t d k g s r/ 11 consonants
Bandjalang has /m n n̠ ŋ b d d̠ʒ g l r j w/ 12 consonants
Cherokee has /m n d dz g ʔ ʃ h l j w/ 11 consonants
Comanche has /m n p t̪ t̪s̪ k kʷ ʔ s h j w/ 12 consonants and phonemic voiceless vowels.
from PHOIBLE! I copied the word PHOIBLE and I am amazed!!!

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Last edited by Birdlang on Thu Jan 22, 2015 6:35 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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PostPosted: Mon Jan 19, 2015 7:49 am 
Smeric
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Most of those are already on the list. Please check the OP at least before you decide to post something


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PostPosted: Wed Jan 21, 2015 12:59 pm 
Sumerul
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There's only one that isn't on the list, and there's no point digging through PHOIBLE because you can sort by consonants. I'm going to add everything in there eventually.

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PostPosted: Thu Jan 22, 2015 6:31 pm 
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PostPosted: Thu Jan 22, 2015 10:33 pm 
Sumerul
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bandjalang has been on the list for months, do you not know how to use ctrl+f

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PostPosted: Fri Jan 23, 2015 6:15 am 
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